Russia

Funding for the development of missiles of the “Angara” family increased by 1.7 times

Funding for the development of missiles of the family "Angara" increased by 1.7 times


Funding for the development of missiles of the “Angara” family increased by 1.7 times

Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Funding for the creation and testing of Angara launch vehicles for the Vostochny cosmodrome has been increased 1.7 times (from 26.2 to 45.5 billion rubles) for the period up to 2026. It is reported by RIA Novosti with reference to the materials of Roskosmos.

From the materials it follows that in 2015, it was planned to allocate 32.4 billion rubles for the Amur experimental design work (ROC) to create a heavy-class missile system in the East for the period until 2025. In 2018, the planned funding was reduced to 26.2 billion rubles. These funds were supposed to develop the Angara-A5 missile for Vostochny and conduct its flight tests. Now 45.5 billion rubles should be spent on the Amur design and development project.

In April of this year, it became known that Roskosmos wants to increase funding for the Amur R&D center to 65 billion rubles. The press service of the state corporation then explained that this is due to the creation of the modernized Angara-A5M rocket, which will also be used for manned launches.

At the end of June, it was reported that the production cost of the Angara-A5 heavy-class launch vehicle was 7 billion rubles. This is three times more than that of its predecessor, the Proton-M launch vehicle. Roscosmos explained this difference by piece assembly of the Angara-A5 rocket in two cities (Moscow and Omsk). The state corporation asserted that with serial production the cost of Angara-A5 will approach the market value.

Let’s remind, “Angara” is a family of modular rockets that use oxygen and kerosene as fuel. The family, which has been under development since the 90s of the last century, includes carriers of the light class “Angara-1.1” and “Angara-1.2”, medium – “Angara-A3”, heavy – “Angara-A5” (with modifications “A5M” (modernized) and “A5P” (manned), as well as increased carrying capacity – “Angara-A5V”.

The first launch of the Angara-1.2 rocket with a satellite mockup took place from the Plesetsk cosmodrome in July 2014 along a suborbital trajectory. In December 2014, the first launch of the Angara-A5 heavy-class rocket was carried out from Plesetsk, with a satellite mock-up in geostationary orbit. In the course of the test launch scheduled for this year, the Angara-A5 rocket with the Briz-M upper stage is again to put a satellite mockup into geostationary orbit.

As for the commercial launches of Angara, today there is a commercial order for only one light rocket Angara-1.2 – it was ordered by South Korea and should go into orbit with the Kompsat-6 satellite at the end of 2021.

In February 2020, the general director of the Center. Khrunicheva Alexey Varochko reportedthat Russian Angara launch vehicles remain too expensive for commercial launches, and this explains the lack of demand for satellite launches with these missiles. “The main question is why Angara is poorly promoted to the market: we must develop the technology and reduce the cost of the car, after which the car can be put on the market,” Varochko said.

In April 2019, it became known that in Roskosmos refused from the development of the project of the medium-class launch vehicle “Angara-A3”. Angara-A3 is a medium-class rocket with a carrying capacity of 17 tons to a low reference orbit – the same characteristics that are incorporated into the Soyuz-5 rocket. Therefore, it makes sense to focus on the light and heavy “Angara”, – said then the head of Roscosmos Dmitry Rogozin, specifying that Russian enterprises do not need to duplicate each other’s work.

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