DUSHANBE, 06.08.2020 / NIAT “Khovar” /. As previously reported, the Majlisi Milli and Majlisi Namoyandagon of Majlisi Oli of the Republic of Tajikistan today, during the second joint session, the sixth convocation scheduled the election of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan on Sunday, October 11, 2020.
The election of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan will be held for the sixth time since independence.
The procedure for electing the President of the Republic of Tajikistan is determined by the Constitutional Law of the Republic of Tajikistan “On Elections of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan”.
In accordance with Article 56 of the Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan, the President is elected by the citizens of Tajikistan by universal, direct, equal and secret ballot for a term of 7 years. According to this article, one person cannot be elected President for more than two consecutive terms. However, as a result of a nationwide referendum on May 22, 2016, the exclusion of this clause in the Constitution was given only to the current President of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon, who has official state status and the title of “Founder of Peace and National Unity – Leader of the Nation.” The legal status and powers of the Founder of Peace and National Unity – the Leader of the Nation are determined by constitutional law.
Candidates for the post of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan are registered by political parties of the republic in accordance with the procedure established by the Constitutional Law, Federation of Independent Trade Unions of Tajikistan, Youth Union of Tajikistan in conventions, conferences according to their charters, Majlisi Namoyandagon of Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast. the Majlis of people’s deputies of the city of Dushanbe, as well as the Majlis of people’s deputies of cities and districts of the republican subordination.
Only one candidate may be nominated by each of them. The decision to nominate a candidate for the post of the President shall be made by the majority of votes of the total number of deputies of local assemblies, as well as at the congresses or conferences of the political party. At the same time, a candidate nominated for the post of the President must collect in his support five percent of the total number of citizens of the Republic of Tajikistan who have the right to participate in the elections.
A citizen of the Republic of Tajikistan who is not younger than 30 years old, speaks the state language, has lived in Tajikistan for at least the last 10 years and has a higher education may be elected President.
According to Article 66 of the Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan, the election of the President is considered valid if it is attended by more than half of the electorate (ie more than 50% of the electorate). A candidate for President is considered elected if more than half of the voters (more than 50%) have voted for him / her.
Recall that the previous presidential election was held on November 6, 2013. The leader of the nation Emomali Rahmon, who leads the ruling People’s Democratic Party of Tajikistan, at that time received 83.9% (more than 3 million) votes with a turnout of more than 86.6% of voters.
Five other candidates ran in the election – Ismoil Talbakov of the Communist Party, Talibbek Bukhoriev of the Agrarian Party, Olimjon Boboev of the Economic Reforms Party, Abduhalim Gafforov of the Socialist Party, and Saidjafar Ismonov of the Democratic Party of Tajikistan, each with a 1% majority. Received 5% of the vote.
The right to vote
Participation in elections is voluntary and everyone has one vote. Citizens of the Republic of Tajikistan who have reached the age of 18 have the right to participate in elections, regardless of sex, nationality, race, language, religion, political position, education, social status and property.
Persons who have been declared incompetent by a court or have been sentenced by a court of law shall not have the right to participate.