But the mood on the streets was overwhelmingly dark and desperate.
Tuesday’s tragedy — leaving at least 158 people dead — has sparked fury among the population, already reeling from economic collapse that has pushed much of its middle class into poverty and chaffing from decades of political corruption and cronyism.
The anger has been directed at the full spectrum of Lebanon’s political factions, including the powerful Shiite militia Hezbollah, which is widely believed to wield control over the port where 2,750 metric tons of highly explosive ammonium nitrate sat unsecured for more than six years.
Tensions erupted as soon as protesters began to gather in central Martyrs’ Square. Soldiers and police forces fired tear gas and protesters threw rocks, adding to the bloodshed for a city that has already bled so much.
The building housing the economy and environment ministries, also entered by demonstrators, was set on fire. As night fell flames engulfed a large truck in the central square.
Ambulances ferried newly injured demonstrators to hospitals even as the death toll in Tuesday’s explosion and fireball climbed to at least 158 people.
The Red Cross said at least 65 people were taken to hospitals and more than 188 were treated at the scene. Lebanon’s Internal Security Forces said that one of its officers died after having being pushed into an elevator shaft.
Diab said he would remain head of the government for two more months until parties reach “an agreement.”
But it fell far short of demands from the streets, where calls for retributions rang out against leaders seen as corrupt and negligent as the country faced crisis after crisis.
“Resign or hang,” read one posting for the demonstration that circulated online. It showed a cedar tree — the symbol of Lebanon — engulfed in flames and two nooses. Demonstrators had erected a large gallows in the square with cardboard cutouts of the leaders of the country’s political factions.
As the demonstration began relatives of the dead spoke. “Have you seen my son?” the mother of 23-year Joe Akiki, an electrician at the port who died in the blast, screamed into a microphone in front of the gathered crowd. “He has beautiful hazel eyes. Where are you my son? You buried our sons.”
Those gathered held up pictures of the victims of the blast, which left about 6,000 people injured. Some 21 people are still missing, according to the Ministry of Health.
“Murdered, not martyred,” read one sign held by a demonstrator. “Leave, you garbage,” another. But violence built. An elderly man with gray hair was carried out of the crowd, an eye out and bleeding from the head. Clouds of tear gas engulfed the square and Lebanese channels reported that security forces were firing rubber-coated bullets.
Some demonstrators said that the explosion was their last hope at bringing change. If this could not jolt Lebanon out of its political paralysis, what could?
“We lost everything so hope is all we have left,” said Wafa Ammar, 42, who had come with her teenage son and daughter. If there is still no change, “I will leave the country. I don’t want my children growing up here.”
Earlier in the day in Mar Mikhael, a neighborhood packed with bars and restaurants that stretches up from the port, activists had set up a wooden gallows.
In the neighboring Gemmayze area, where young volunteers have led the clear-up operation with little sign of any government assistance, Beirut’s governor, Marwan Abboud, was met with chants of “Revolution!” by furious residents. One person held up a rope fashioned into a hangman’s noose as Abboud hurried to leave in his black SUV.
“Some people who never took to the streets are going today with a vengeance,” said Hussein El-Achi of the Min Tishreen activist group, who said it was not about the numbers. “It’s about the rage that will be in the demonstration.”
Security forces had sent reinforcements to the downtown area, who later called for peaceful demonstrators to move away from areas where violence was taking place.
“We will not accept the exposure of our forces, especially after so many have been wounded in our ranks,” Lebanon’s Internal Security Forces said in a statement.
Lebanese television channel Al-Jadeed quoted a fire official saying that his forces were asked to participate in “suppressing protesters,” but the force lost 10 members in the blast and did not have the capacity. He denied that there was a “mutiny” among members over the order.
“They stole for us, they looted us they made us go hungry, they made us poor,” said 56-year-old Wafaa, sitting in an unfinished cinema downtown known as The Egg. She declined to give her last name for privacy reasons.
“We were going to die in our own house,” she said, referring to the explosion. “We were already dying slowly,” chipped in her 15-year-old son Tarek.
A mass demonstration movement against government corruption erupted in Lebanon in October last year but waned in recent months, even as the standard of living has plummeted. The Lebanese pound has lost at least two-thirds of its value since the fall, slashing the value of people’s salaries as prices have risen.
“Money is just a number now, it’s worthless,” said Imad Mukhalalati, a 50-year-old taxi driver. “I’m not sad, I’m angry.”
Shadi Alame, 29, was buying a face mask printed with the Lebanese flag on the main drag of Gemmayze before heading to demonstrations. He said the whole system was to blame “from top to bottom.”
“It’s all the politicians from the president to Nasrallah to Berri,” he said, referring to Hezbollah leader Hasan Nasrallah and Nabih Berri, the speaker of the parliament and head of the Amal movement. “They are stealing everyone’s money, stealing people’s rights.”
In a speech Friday, Nasrallah, Hezbollah’s leader, warned Friday not to hold the Shiite militia responsible for the blast.
“If you want to start a battle against the resistance over this incident, you will get no results,” Nasrallah said, referring to the Iranian-backed militia that is also a dominant force in the country’s politics.
But the anger on the streets is visceral, as the city continued to bury its dead on Saturday and the death toll climbed.
Adding to the grief and frustration are myriad unanswered questions over what caused the blast.
It is still unclear what caused an initial explosion and fire before another that produced the massive mushroom cloud above the city that experts said was consistent with thousands of tons of ammonium nitrate igniting.
“People refuse to live under their rule anymore,” said El Achi, adding that these would be different to demonstrations last year. “At first we were asking them. We had demands. But today we’re not asking any more, we are acting, we are taking back what is ours.”
He said he expected violence.
“A lot of people already have in mind that today there will be blood.”
Nader Durgham in Beirut and Susan Haidamous in Washington contributed to this report.