The number of deaths from a new type of coronavirusdesignated by the World Health Organization as 2019–nCoV (from English novel Coronavirus) in China has reached 41 people. The disease has already gone beyond the PRC. The facts were recorded in Thailand, Japan, Hong Kong, South Korea, Saudi Arabia and the USA.
24.kg has collected five known facts about the new virus that provokes pneumonia.
The first case was recorded in Wuhan
Photo by the National Bank of Pathogenic Microorganisms of China. The first photograph of a strain taken with an electron microscope
Wuhan is the capital of Hubei province, the most populous city in Central China, with almost 8.5 million inhabitants. Here, at the end of December 2019, the first case of infection with a hitherto unknown virus was registered. As of January 5, 2020, 59 cases of infection have already been recorded, seven people were in critical condition. Chinese scientists investigating a mysterious outbreak of viral pneumonia have discovered a new strain of coronavirus.
On January 22, the city was closed for leaving: flights were canceled, trains do not run, intercity highways were blocked.
The virus is transmitted from person to person
The Chinese authorities have confirmed that a new type of coronavirus is capable of transmission, including from person to person. But so far no evidence of airborne infection has been identified.
Infection from animals is still considered the main route of transmission of the virus. The first cases of infection are associated with the wholesale seafood market in Wuhan. According to some media reports, before its closure on January 1, not only marine mammals were sold there, but also bats, chickens, rabbits and snakes. The virus was either transmitted as zoonosis, an infectious disease transmitted by direct contact between animals and humans, or simply by air, like many microbes. In addition, zoonoses can also be transmitted through food, for example through the consumption of animal products. If not properly cooked, these products can become a source of infection.
Possible source of infection – snakes
Snakes could be the source of a new type of coronavirus from China. This is stated in a study published in the Journal of Medical Virology, which was attended by scientists from Beijing, Nanning, Ningbo and Wuhan – the cities where the infection began to spread. The Conversation.
“The virus appeared about two years ago. The snake’s genetic code is closest to the coronavirus. Our findings suggest that the snake is a likely carrier of the infection, ”the study said.
According to Zheng Aihua, a virology specialist at the Institute of Zoology in Beijing, transmission of the virus to humans from living organisms is possible, as is the case with the Zika virus, which is carried by mosquitoes. At the same time, the similarity of the genetic code itself is not a sufficient basis for such conclusions, he noted.
Immunocompromised people die from coronavirus
The World Health Organization is in no rush to declare the coronavirus from China an international emergency. According to WHO Director General Tedros Adhan Ghebreyesus, this is not a global disease. Complications and serious consequences of the coronavirus cause in every fourth infected.
Most of the deceased had hypertension, diabetes, or cardiovascular disease, which weakened their immunity.
The media reported about the first patient who recovered after being infected with a new deadly virus. According to information Daily Mail, A 23-year-old man named Huang was being treated in the intensive care unit at the epicenter of a new disease in Wuhan. He first went to the hospital for headaches, dizziness and a suspected cold on December 24, 2019, but the next day his condition worsened. On January 1, 2020, Huang went to the hospital again.
He is now completely healthy. Juan explains his recovery by his young age and the care of his family. “I was the first to recover from critical illness and leave the hospital,” the young man said.
As noted, the disease has signs of common pneumonia. The patient may have a fever, sometimes shortness of breath, and an x-ray will show noticeable changes in the lungs. There is no specific treatment for coronavirus. Patients receive only symptomatic and supportive therapy.